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Exercise _ Physical activity

Physical activity guidelines for adults aged 19 to 64

The World Health Organization issues new recommendations on physical activity.. Here's how much exercise you need


The World Health Organization's new recommendations for physical activity come at a time when the coronavirus pandemic continues to wreak havoc around the world, and being overweight or obese has been linked to an increased risk of severe COVID-19 symptoms and hospitalization.

The World Health Organization previously recommended that adults aged 18 to 64 get at least 150 minutes of moderate exercise, or at least 75 minutes of vigorous exercise, each week. Previous recommendations included only healthy adults, while the new recommendations also include people with chronic diseases or disabilities.

"Physical activity is critical to health and well-being and can help add years to life," WHO Director-General Dr Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus said in a press release.

Ghebreyesus noted that every step we take is especially important at the present time as we deal with the restrictions of the "Covid-19" pandemic, adding: "We must all act daily, with safety and creativity."

The World Health Organization puts some basic principles in mind. The first is that everyone can benefit from being more active, that some physical activity is better than no activity, and that you can start with simple exercises and increase the frequency, intensity and duration of exercise over time.

You can also strengthen your muscles at home or in the gym when it is safe, especially since physical activity is good for the heart, body and mind.

What children and teens need

Children up to 17 years old need at least 60 minutes of moderate to vigorous exercise every day, according to the new recommendations. It should include aerobic exercises, such as jogging or cycling. Exercises that strengthen muscles and bones are also essential.

Until children become more active, they should look to exercise options as a time to have fun, said Dr. Stephanie Walsh, medical director of child health at Children's Center Atlanta.

“In general, children and teens always report that they want to be physically active in order to be with their friends, have fun and learn something,” Craig Williams, Professor of Child Physiology and Health and Director of the Child Health and Exercise Research Center at the University of Exeter in England, explained by email. new".

Williams recommended practicing sports with others in order to encourage and learn from each other, in addition to devising new methods of exercising.

For example, you can dance if you don't like running, and ski if you'd rather not walk, Williams said. In addition, encourage your children to notice how they feel. For example, if they sweat while breathing hard, it means that they exercised well.

Young people are at greater direct risk of developing mental health problems than they are of chronic heart disease or metabolic disease.

Encouraging teens to exercise with their mental health in mind may be more effective than warning them about physical health effects that may not concern them, Joseph Hayes, a principal research fellow in psychiatry at University College London, said by email.

Walsh noted that fun, non-competitive activities can help children develop confidence, ability, and fun so they can be active for the rest of their lives, affecting their self-esteem, mood, as well as their academic performance.

Tips for adults

For adults up to the age of sixty-four, achieving at least 150 to 300 minutes of moderate-intensity aerobic activity, 

or at least seventy-five to 150 minutes of vigorous aerobic activity each week will reduce the risk of premature death and heart disease. Vascular and high strength per unit area. Blood, cancer and type II polygenic diseases.

And exercises that strengthen all the muscles should be done at least twice a week. Similar guidance applies to seniors as they usually do, however they should perform balance and strength exercises for a number of days each week. This may make it easier to stop associated injuries, as well as deteriorate bone health and strength.

Adnan Qureshi, a faculty member in Neurobiology at the Zeinat Qureshi Stroke Institute, and thus the University of Missouri Columbia, the aforementioned commitments regarding work, housing, medical conditions, and isolation will be within the way the goals of athletic activity are achieved.

Qureshi came up with a number of steps that may enhance participation in sports activity:

Understand how physical activity will improve your quality of life.

Connect the activity to a different passion such as interacting with people, nature or technology.
Determine the encapsulated time and distance during walking or cardio

Incorporate the activity into a scheduled daily routine.

Consider barriers to achieving goals and recognize ways to overcome barriers with health professionals.

Note the advantages you get.

The potential benefits "must be balanced against potential safety risks, and other people should use caution when looking at their underlying health conditions," said Dr. Richard Marutoli, MD, director of the Yale University School of Medicine in Connecticut.

Tips for pregnant and postnatal ladies

Staying active throughout and when physiological condition has edges for each mother and baby, together with a reduced risk of physiological state polygenic disorder, parturition complications and postnatal depression.

If pregnant and postnatal ladies don't have underlying conditions or complications, the report the same, they must get a minimum of a hundred and fifty minutes of moderate aerobics and strengthening activities every week. Stretching exercises may be useful and soothing.

However, a pregnant girl ought to drink water, avoid activities that involve physical danger, and bear in mind of any warning signs that might alert her to prevent, that embody feeling dizzy, painful contractions, or epithelial duct trauma.

Guidelines for individuals with chronic diseases

The World Health Organization report confirmed that a healthy way remains doable though you suffer from chronic diseases.

"Some individuals with chronic diseases have challenges with performing arts a number of the suggested sorts and quantity of physical activity, and should avoid physical activity thanks to issues regarding risk," same provincial capital Davis, associate decision maker of public health policy and apply for the yankee Public Health Association.

The type of physical activity one will do is also completely different, however there en still edges.

Among individuals with diseases like cancer and cardiovascular disease, physical activity will scale back the danger of early death, malady progression, and poor quality of life.

People with chronic diseases ought to get a minimum of a hundred and fifty to three hundred minutes of moderate-intensity aerobics per week the maximum amount as they'll, or a minimum of seventy five to a hundred and fifty minutes of vigorous exercise per week .


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